This package will help introduce children to, and encourage a deep exploration of, multiples.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

You can make a calculator count for you by any number you choose. You can count by ones to reach 24. You can count by twos to reach 24. What else can you count by to reach 24?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

Look at the squares in this problem. What does the next square look like? I draw a square with 81 little squares inside it. How long and how wide is my square?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

In this maze of hexagons, you start in the centre at 0. The next hexagon must be a multiple of 2 and the next a multiple of 5. What are the possible paths you could take?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Investigate which numbers make these lights come on. What is the smallest number you can find that lights up all the lights?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Use cubes to continue making the numbers from 7 to 20. Are they sticks, rectangles or squares?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

Find the squares that Froggie skips onto to get to the pumpkin patch. She starts on 3 and finishes on 30, but she lands only on a square that has a number 3 more than the square she skips from.

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?