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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Factors and multiples

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Fitted

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

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Scoring with Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

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Path to the Stars

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

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What Is Ziffle?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?

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Which Is Quicker?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

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What Two ...?

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

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What's in the Box?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

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Divide it Out

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

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Mystery Matrix

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

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A Mixed-up Clock

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

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Tom's Number

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

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Factor-multiple Chains

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

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Abundant Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

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Number Tracks

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

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Zios and Zepts

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

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Multiply Multiples 3

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

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Multiply Multiples 2

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

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Number Detective

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Follow the clues to find the mystery number.

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Doubling Fives

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.

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It Figures

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

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Multiply Multiples 1

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

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What's Left?

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

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Factor Track

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

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Skip Counting

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find the squares that Froggie skips onto to get to the pumpkin patch. She starts on 3 and finishes on 30, but she lands only on a square that has a number 3 more than the square she skips from.

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Which Numbers? (2)

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

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Which Numbers? (1)

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

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Grouping Goodies

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

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Fractions in a Box

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

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Can You Find a Perfect Number?

Stage: 2 and 3

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

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One of Thirty-six

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

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Table Patterns Go Wild!

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

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Domino Pick

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Are these domino games fair? Can you explain why or why not?

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Multiplication Series: Number Arrays

Stage: 1 and 2

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

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What Do You Need?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

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Odds and Threes

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

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Counting Cogs

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

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The Set of Numbers

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you place the numbers from 1 to 10 in the grid?

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Multiples

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This package will help introduce children to, and encourage a deep exploration of, multiples.

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Six in a Circle

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

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Becky's Number Plumber

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

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Constant Counting

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

You can make a calculator count for you by any number you choose. You can count by ones to reach 24. You can count by twos to reach 24. What else can you count by to reach 24?

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Two Primes Make One Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

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Sets of Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

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In the Money

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

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Sets of Four Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?

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Curious Number

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

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Ip Dip

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

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Heads and Feet

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

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Bracelets

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?

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Multiplication Squares

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.