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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Factors and multiples

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What Two ...?

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

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Becky's Number Plumber

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

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One of Thirty-six

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

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Divide it Out

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

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Tom's Number

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

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Factor-multiple Chains

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

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What Is Ziffle?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?

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Doubling Fives

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.

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What Do You Need?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

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What's Left?

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

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Crossings

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

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Flashing Lights

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

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Multiplication Square Jigsaw

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

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What's in the Box?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

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Nineteen Hexagons

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In this maze of hexagons, you start in the centre at 0. The next hexagon must be a multiple of 2 and the next a multiple of 5. What are the possible paths you could take?

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Lots of Lollies

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

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Biscuit Decorations

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

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Multiplication Series: Number Arrays

Stage: 1 and 2

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

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Grouping Goodies

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

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Lots of Biscuits!

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Help share out the biscuits the children have made.

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The Set of Numbers

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you place the numbers from 1 to 10 in the grid?

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Odds and Threes

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

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Which Is Quicker?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

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Little Squares

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Look at the squares in this problem. What does the next square look like? I draw a square with 81 little squares inside it. How long and how wide is my square?

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Six in a Circle

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

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Curious Number

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

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Factor Track

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

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Numbers as Shapes

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Use cubes to continue making the numbers from 7 to 20. Are they sticks, rectangles or squares?

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Heads and Feet

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

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Sets of Four Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?

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Constant Counting

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

You can make a calculator count for you by any number you choose. You can count by ones to reach 24. You can count by twos to reach 24. What else can you count by to reach 24?

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Multiples

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This package will help introduce children to, and encourage a deep exploration of, multiples.

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Skip Counting

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find the squares that Froggie skips onto to get to the pumpkin patch. She starts on 3 and finishes on 30, but she lands only on a square that has a number 3 more than the square she skips from.

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Number Detective

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Follow the clues to find the mystery number.

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Number Tracks

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

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Down to Nothing

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

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Money Measure

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

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Three Spinners

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

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Three Neighbours

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

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I Like ...

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Mr Gilderdale is playing a game with his class. What rule might he have chosen? How would you test your idea?

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Multiply Multiples 1

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

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Multiply Multiples 2

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

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Multiply Multiples 3

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

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Light the Lights

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Investigate which numbers make these lights come on. What is the smallest number you can find that lights up all the lights?

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Which Numbers? (2)

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

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Add the Weights

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

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Neighbours

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

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Table Patterns Go Wild!

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

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Which Numbers? (1)

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

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Domino Pick

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Are these domino games fair? Can you explain why or why not?