If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

You can make a calculator count for you by any number you choose. You can count by ones to reach 24. You can count by twos to reach 24. What else can you count by to reach 24?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

This package will help introduce children to, and encourage a deep exploration of, multiples.

On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Look at the squares in this problem. What does the next square look like? I draw a square with 81 little squares inside it. How long and how wide is my square?

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

In this maze of hexagons, you start in the centre at 0. The next hexagon must be a multiple of 2 and the next a multiple of 5. What are the possible paths you could take?

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Use cubes to continue making the numbers from 7 to 20. Are they sticks, rectangles or squares?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Find the squares that Froggie skips onto to get to the pumpkin patch. She starts on 3 and finishes on 30, but she lands only on a square that has a number 3 more than the square she skips from.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?