If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

You can make a calculator count for you by any number you choose. You can count by ones to reach 24. You can count by twos to reach 24. What else can you count by to reach 24?

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

Find the squares that Froggie skips onto to get to the pumpkin patch. She starts on 3 and finishes on 30, but she lands only on a square that has a number 3 more than the square she skips from.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Look at the squares in this problem. What does the next square look like? I draw a square with 81 little squares inside it. How long and how wide is my square?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

In this maze of hexagons, you start in the centre at 0. The next hexagon must be a multiple of 2 and the next a multiple of 5. What are the possible paths you could take?

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Use cubes to continue making the numbers from 7 to 20. Are they sticks, rectangles or squares?