Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

This package will help introduce children to, and encourage a deep exploration of, multiples.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

You can make a calculator count for you by any number you choose. You can count by ones to reach 24. You can count by twos to reach 24. What else can you count by to reach 24?

If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

In this maze of hexagons, you start in the centre at 0. The next hexagon must be a multiple of 2 and the next a multiple of 5. What are the possible paths you could take?

Can you work out how to balance this equaliser? You can put more than one weight on a hook.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Use cubes to continue making the numbers from 7 to 20. Are they sticks, rectangles or squares?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Look at the squares in this problem. What does the next square look like? I draw a square with 81 little squares inside it. How long and how wide is my square?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.