A look at different crystal lattice structures, and how they relate to structural properties

Find the distance of the shortest air route at an altitude of 6000 metres between London and Cape Town given the latitudes and longitudes. A simple application of scalar products of vectors.

Use simple trigonometry to calculate the distance along the flight path from London to Sydney.

Shows that Pythagoras for Spherical Triangles reduces to Pythagoras's Theorem in the plane when the triangles are small relative to the radius of the sphere.

Two circles of equal size intersect and the centre of each circle is on the circumference of the other. What is the area of the intersection? Now imagine that the diagram represents two spheres of. . . .

How do we measure curvature? Find out about curvature on soccer and rugby balls and on surfaces of negative curvature like banana skins.

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem for right-angled spherical triangles.

If a ball is rolled into the corner of a room how far is its centre from the corner?

What is the shortest distance through the middle of a dodecahedron between the centres of two opposite faces?

A spherical balloon lies inside a wire frame. How much do you need to deflate it to remove it from the frame if it remains a sphere?

This article outlines the underlying axioms of spherical geometry giving a simple proof that the sum of the angles of a triangle on the surface of a unit sphere is equal to pi plus the area of the. . . .

A circle has centre O and angle POR = angle QOR. Construct tangents at P and Q meeting at T. Draw a circle with diameter OT. Do P and Q lie inside, or on, or outside this circle?

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.