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Challenge level: Challenge Level:1 Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:3

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Broad Topics > 2D Geometry, Shape and Space > Tangents

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Circles in Quadrilaterals

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

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Far Horizon

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?

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Making Tracks

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A bicycle passes along a path and leaves some tracks. Is it possible to say which track was made by the front wheel and which by the back wheel?

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Arrh!

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Triangle ABC is equilateral. D, the midpoint of BC, is the centre of the semi-circle whose radius is R which touches AB and AC, as well as a smaller circle with radius r which also touches AB and AC. . . .

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The Eyeball Theorem

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Two tangents are drawn to the other circle from the centres of a pair of circles. What can you say about the chords cut off by these tangents. Be patient - this problem may be slow to load.

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Tricircle

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The centre of the larger circle is at the midpoint of one side of an equilateral triangle and the circle touches the other two sides of the triangle. A smaller circle touches the larger circle and. . . .

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Three Balls

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A circle has centre O and angle POR = angle QOR. Construct tangents at P and Q meeting at T. Draw a circle with diameter OT. Do P and Q lie inside, or on, or outside this circle?

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Some(?) of the Parts

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle