Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
We're excited about this new program for drawing beautiful mathematical designs. Can you work out how we made our first few pictures and, even better, share your most elegant solutions with us?
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What
movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of
procedures will help - variables not essential.
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
This Sudoku problem consists of a pair of linked standard Suduko puzzles each with some starting digits
You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest.
Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd
one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top,
put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you
predict the last card?
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
An introduction to bond angle geometry.
Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?
Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
Find the positive integer solutions of the equation (1+1/a)(1+1/b)(1+1/c) = 2
Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
A function pyramid is a structure where each entry in the pyramid is determined by the two entries below it. Can you figure out how the pyramid is generated?
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which
are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of
neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it
done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the
pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?
It is possible to identify a particular card out of a pack of 15
with the use of some mathematical reasoning. What is this reasoning
and can it be applied to other numbers of cards?
A Sudoku with a twist.
In this article, the NRICH team describe the process of selecting solutions for publication on the site.
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you
three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and
keep repeating this. What happens?
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers
1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.
This Sudoku combines all four arithmetic operations.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the
surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What
are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?
Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku
Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with
3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same
The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to
solve this Sudoku.
Arrange the digits 1, 1, 2, 2, 3 and 3 so that between the two 1's
there is one digit, between the two 2's there are two digits, and
between the two 3's there are three digits.
This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.
Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the
numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
Show there are exactly 12 magic labellings of the Magic W using the
numbers 1 to 9. Prove that for every labelling with a magic total T
there is a corresponding labelling with a magic total 30-T.
Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.