Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
A package contains a set of resources designed to develop
students’ mathematical thinking. This package places a
particular emphasis on “being systematic” and is
designed to meet. . . .
A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.
There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in
diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.
Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.
Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine
different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What
movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of
procedures will help - variables not essential.
The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a
triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word
ABACUS from this triangular pattern?
You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top,
put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you
predict the last card?
A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out
what the coins are?
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
Four friends must cross a bridge. How can they all cross it in just 17 minutes?
We're excited about this new program for drawing beautiful mathematical designs. Can you work out how we made our first few pictures and, even better, share your most elegant solutions with us?
A Sudoku with a twist.
This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the
pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it
done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow
This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.
You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What
are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which
are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of
neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.
Can you coach your rowing eight to win?
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
This Sudoku combines all four arithmetic operations.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers
1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary