The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?

Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

We're excited about this new program for drawing beautiful mathematical designs. Can you work out how we made our first few pictures and, even better, share your most elegant solutions with us?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.