An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle
contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100
squares? Can you find them all?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?
A Sudoku with a twist.
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the
surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.
My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?
Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?
An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in
diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to
solve this Sudoku.
Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
This Sudoku combines all four arithmetic operations.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.
Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.
This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one
A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do
you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which
bell to ring?
You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest.
Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd
one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which
are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of
neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four