You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which
are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of
neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH
website that could be suitable for students who have a good
understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take
on some. . . .
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.
Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in
two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation"
make this a doubly interesting problem.
This Sudoku combines all four arithmetic operations.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the
pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.
Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?
Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the
numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
Arrange the digits 1, 1, 2, 2, 3 and 3 so that between the two 1's
there is one digit, between the two 2's there are two digits, and
between the two 3's there are three digits.
This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.
This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for
the price of one
A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?
A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out
what the coins are?
A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku