You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.
Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle
contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100
squares? Can you find them all?
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
A Sudoku with a twist.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What
are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine
different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.
In this article, the NRICH team describe the process of selecting solutions for publication on the site.
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the
pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?
A package contains a set of resources designed to develop
students’ mathematical thinking. This package places a
particular emphasis on “being systematic” and is
designed to meet. . . .
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
This Sudoku combines all four arithmetic operations.
Move your counters through this snake of cards and see how far you
can go. Are you surprised by where you end up?
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?
Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku
Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers
1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.