Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
This Sudoku combines all four arithmetic operations.
Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in
two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation"
make this a doubly interesting problem.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.
Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which
are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of
neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for
the price of one
Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?
Arrange the digits 1, 1, 2, 2, 3 and 3 so that between the two 1's
there is one digit, between the two 2's there are two digits, and
between the two 3's there are three digits.
A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.
A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out
what the coins are?
This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.
Four friends must cross a bridge. How can they all cross it in just 17 minutes?
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the
numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top,
put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you
predict the last card?
Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers
1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?