This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

It is possible to identify a particular card out of a pack of 15 with the use of some mathematical reasoning. What is this reasoning and can it be applied to other numbers of cards?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow your logic?

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?