Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?
Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.
You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest.
Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd
one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to
solve this Sudoku.
Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the
surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.
Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now
it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know
when it is your turn to ring?
A Sudoku with a twist.
Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.
Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you
three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and
keep repeating this. What happens?
Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do
you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which
bell to ring?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
Starting with four different triangles, imagine you have an
unlimited number of each type. How many different tetrahedra can
you make? Convince us you have found them all.
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?
in how many ways can you place the numbers 1, 2, 3 … 9 in the
nine regions of the Olympic Emblem (5 overlapping circles) so that
the amount in each ring is the same?
An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles.
Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4,
5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?
Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What
are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it
done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow
60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the
pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
This Sudoku combines all four arithmetic operations.
If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?