Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

We're excited about this new program for drawing beautiful mathematical designs. Can you work out how we made our first few pictures and, even better, share your most elegant solutions with us?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Remember that you want someone following behind you to see where you went. Can yo work out how these patterns were created and recreate them?

Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow your logic?

Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?