Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top, put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you predict the last card?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

We're excited about this new program for drawing beautiful mathematical designs. Can you work out how we made our first few pictures and, even better, share your most elegant solutions with us?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .