If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH
website that could be suitable for students who have a good
understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take
on some. . . .
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100
tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for
adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
A package contains a set of resources designed to develop
students’ mathematical thinking. This package places a
particular emphasis on “being systematic” and is
designed to meet. . . .
Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Move your counters through this snake of cards and see how far you
can go. Are you surprised by where you end up?
Four friends must cross a bridge. How can they all cross it in just
This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?
Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine
different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".
This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.
The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?
A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out
what the coins are?
A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in
diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of
The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a
triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word
ABACUS from this triangular pattern?
There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.
A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.
My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits
to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What
could my number be?
This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
A challenging activity focusing on finding all possible ways of stacking rods.
You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in
two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation"
make this a doubly interesting problem.
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?