The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

Starting with four different triangles, imagine you have an unlimited number of each type. How many different tetrahedra can you make? Convince us you have found them all.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.

A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.