You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle
contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100
squares? Can you find them all?
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
Pentagram Pylons - can you elegantly recreate them? Or, the
European flag in LOGO - what poses the greater problem?
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios or fractions.
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in
diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of
This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.
Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the
surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which
are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of
neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
A Sudoku with a twist.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.
My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku
Arrange the digits 1, 1, 2, 2, 3 and 3 so that between the two 1's
there is one digit, between the two 2's there are two digits, and
between the two 3's there are three digits.
Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers
1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.
The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to
solve this Sudoku.
Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in
two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation"
make this a doubly interesting problem.
Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?
This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.