You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in
diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle
contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100
squares? Can you find them all?
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
Four friends must cross a bridge. How can they all cross it in just 17 minutes?
If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?
A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.
Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out
what the coins are?
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine
different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".
A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.
How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.
A package contains a set of resources designed to develop
students’ mathematical thinking. This package places a
particular emphasis on “being systematic” and is
designed to meet. . . .
This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH
website that could be suitable for students who have a good
understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take
on some. . . .
Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which
are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of
neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
A Sudoku with a twist.
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it
done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow
60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the
pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
Move your counters through this snake of cards and see how far you
can go. Are you surprised by where you end up?