Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top,
put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you
predict the last card?
Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.
Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the
numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
We're excited about this new program for drawing beautiful mathematical designs. Can you work out how we made our first few pictures and, even better, share your most elegant solutions with us?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What
movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of
procedures will help - variables not essential.
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.
Pentagram Pylons - can you elegantly recreate them? Or, the
European flag in LOGO - what poses the greater problem?
Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in
two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation"
make this a doubly interesting problem.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios or fractions.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the
surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this
A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.
Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What
are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
A Sudoku with a twist.
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the
pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now
it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know
when it is your turn to ring?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which
are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of
neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.
Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you
three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and
keep repeating this. What happens?
Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do
you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which
bell to ring?
A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?
This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for
the price of one
A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.