The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow your logic?

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.