Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?

A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out what the coins are?

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

in how many ways can you place the numbers 1, 2, 3 … 9 in the nine regions of the Olympic Emblem (5 overlapping circles) so that the amount in each ring is the same?