If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out what the coins are?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.