This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH
website that could be suitable for students who have a good
understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take
on some. . . .
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in
two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation"
make this a doubly interesting problem.
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?
Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent
pair adds up to a square number?
Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
A Sudoku with a twist.
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
A challenging activity focusing on finding all possible ways of stacking rods.
Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine
different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.
This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.
This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.
A Sudoku with clues as ratios.
This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.
Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?