You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Starting with four different triangles, imagine you have an unlimited number of each type. How many different tetrahedra can you make? Convince us you have found them all.

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

Arrange the digits 1, 1, 2, 2, 3 and 3 so that between the two 1's there is one digit, between the two 2's there are two digits, and between the two 3's there are three digits.