The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Pentagram Pylons - can you elegantly recreate them? Or, the European flag in LOGO - what poses the greater problem?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.