Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

What is the smallest number of coins needed to make up 12 dollars and 83 cents?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

This task depends on groups working collaboratively, discussing and reasoning to agree a final product.

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

In this challenge, buckets come in five different sizes. If you choose some buckets, can you investigate the different ways in which they can be filled?

Can you draw a square in which the perimeter is numerically equal to the area?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Here are four cubes joined together. How many other arrangements of four cubes can you find? Can you draw them on dotty paper?

My cube has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?

Using all ten cards from 0 to 9, rearrange them to make five prime numbers. Can you find any other ways of doing it?

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?

Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

When you throw two regular, six-faced dice you have more chance of getting one particular result than any other. What result would that be? Why is this?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Try out the lottery that is played in a far-away land. What is the chance of winning?