The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

Can you find all the different ways of lining up these Cuisenaire rods?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

Sally and Ben were drawing shapes in chalk on the school playground. Can you work out what shapes each of them drew using the clues?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Put 10 counters in a row. Find a way to arrange the counters into five pairs, evenly spaced in a row, in just 5 moves, using the rules.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are palindromic if the date is written in the British way?

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.