The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Let's suppose that you are going to have a magazine which has 16 pages of A5 size. Can you find some different ways to make these pages? Investigate the pattern for each if you number the pages.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?

This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?