Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are palindromic if the date is written in the British way?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.