What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

My cube has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

How could you arrange at least two dice in a stack so that the total of the visible spots is 18?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.