A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

Here are four cubes joined together. How many other arrangements of four cubes can you find? Can you draw them on dotty paper?

Can you order pictures of the development of a frog from frogspawn and of a bean seed growing into a plant?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

In this game for two players, you throw two dice and find the product. How many shapes can you draw on the grid which have that area or perimeter?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

On a digital 24 hour clock, at certain times, all the digits are consecutive. How many times like this are there between midnight and 7 a.m.?

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

In a bowl there are 4 Chocolates, 3 Jellies and 5 Mints. Find a way to share the sweets between the three children so they each get the kind they like. Is there more than one way to do it?

Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

Put 10 counters in a row. Find a way to arrange the counters into five pairs, evenly spaced in a row, in just 5 moves, using the rules.

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

In this challenge, buckets come in five different sizes. If you choose some buckets, can you investigate the different ways in which they can be filled?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

What is the smallest number of coins needed to make up 12 dollars and 83 cents?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.