During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in
the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At
what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?
Can you order pictures of the development of a frog from frogspawn
and of a bean seed growing into a plant?
Remember that you want someone following behind you to see where
you went. Can yo work out how these patterns were created and
Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What
are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?
Time for a little mathemagic! Choose any five cards from a pack and show four of them to your partner. How can they work out the fifth?
Pentagram Pylons - can you elegantly recreate them? Or, the
European flag in LOGO - what poses the greater problem?
Alice's mum needs to go to each child's house just once and then
back home again. How many different routes are there? Use the
information to find out how long each road is on the route she
Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What
movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of
procedures will help - variables not essential.
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it
done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
On a digital 24 hour clock, at certain times, all the digits are consecutive. How many times like this are there between midnight and 7 a.m.?
Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.
My cousin was 24 years old on Friday April 5th in 1974. On what day
of the week was she born?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one
minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the
real time) they arrived at the airport.
On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many
times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock
over a whole day?
The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a
triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word
ABACUS from this triangular pattern?
Move your counters through this snake of cards and see how far you
can go. Are you surprised by where you end up?
Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are
you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of
sticks that make the most triangles?
In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles
together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can
be fitted together?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these
mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.
Can you find all the different ways of lining up these Cuisenaire
Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.
Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download
the cards or have a go on squared paper.
Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to
make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold
10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There
are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where
are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a
chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?
Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep
truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?
What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train
can continue its journey?
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in
diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of
A package contains a set of resources designed to develop
students’ mathematical thinking. This package places a
particular emphasis on “being systematic” and is
designed to meet. . . .
How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?
Put 10 counters in a row. Find a way to arrange the counters into
five pairs, evenly spaced in a row, in just 5 moves, using the
There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.
How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?
This activity investigates how you might make squares and pentominoes from Polydron.
This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots
on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.
A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.
This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?
If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How
will you know you've found them all?
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.