During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in
the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At
what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?
Can you order pictures of the development of a frog from frogspawn
and of a bean seed growing into a plant?
Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it
done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
Remember that you want someone following behind you to see where
you went. Can yo work out how these patterns were created and
Pentagram Pylons - can you elegantly recreate them? Or, the
European flag in LOGO - what poses the greater problem?
Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What
movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of
procedures will help - variables not essential.
Alice's mum needs to go to each child's house just once and then
back home again. How many different routes are there? Use the
information to find out how long each road is on the route she
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
Time for a little mathemagic! Choose any five cards from a pack and show four of them to your partner. How can they work out the fifth?
Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What
are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?
My cousin was 24 years old on Friday April 5th in 1974. On what day
of the week was she born?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many
times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock
over a whole day?
On a digital 24 hour clock, at certain times, all the digits are consecutive. How many times like this are there between midnight and 7 a.m.?
Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one
minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the
real time) they arrived at the airport.
Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the
difference between the two numbers just below it.
You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.
In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.
The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a
triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word
ABACUS from this triangular pattern?
How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots
on the 8-point circle?
Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so
that you have double the number.
Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none
can capture any of the others.
This Sudoku combines all four arithmetic operations.
Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many
different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and
the 2 must not touch the table?
Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers
1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10
are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the
largest possible number of houses in the square?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .
Move your counters through this snake of cards and see how far you
can go. Are you surprised by where you end up?
Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to
make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold
Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.
How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons
together? How will you know you have found all the ways?
Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no
consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?
This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?
Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there
is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How
about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?