Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days as possible, how many days can their fun last?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are palindromic if the date is written in the British way?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?

When you throw two regular, six-faced dice you have more chance of getting one particular result than any other. What result would that be? Why is this?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!