What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

In this matching game, you have to decide how long different events take.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?

George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.

I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M. What order were they in?

How many rectangles can you find in this shape? Which ones are differently sized and which are 'similar'?

What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are palindromic if the date is written in the British way?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

On a digital clock showing 24 hour time, over a whole day, how many times does a 5 appear? Is it the same number for a 12 hour clock over a whole day?

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

When you throw two regular, six-faced dice you have more chance of getting one particular result than any other. What result would that be? Why is this?