You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?