10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

Starting with four different triangles, imagine you have an unlimited number of each type. How many different tetrahedra can you make? Convince us you have found them all.

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Put 10 counters in a row. Find a way to arrange the counters into five pairs, evenly spaced in a row, in just 5 moves, using the rules.

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow your logic?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?