These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

Using all ten cards from 0 to 9, rearrange them to make five prime numbers. Can you find any other ways of doing it?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Penta people, the Pentominoes, always build their houses from five square rooms. I wonder how many different Penta homes you can create?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?