These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Using all ten cards from 0 to 9, rearrange them to make five prime numbers. Can you find any other ways of doing it?

My cube has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.