These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

Starting with four different triangles, imagine you have an unlimited number of each type. How many different tetrahedra can you make? Convince us you have found them all.

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?

Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?

This activity investigates how you might make squares and pentominoes from Polydron.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?

There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.

Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?