The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Starting with four different triangles, imagine you have an unlimited number of each type. How many different tetrahedra can you make? Convince us you have found them all.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?

Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

A package contains a set of resources designed to develop students’ mathematical thinking. This package places a particular emphasis on “being systematic” and is designed to meet. . . .

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?