You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?