This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Roll two red dice and a green dice. Add the two numbers on the red dice and take away the number on the green. What are all the different possibilities that could come up?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

How could you arrange at least two dice in a stack so that the total of the visible spots is 18?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

When you throw two regular, six-faced dice you have more chance of getting one particular result than any other. What result would that be? Why is this?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?