In this article, the NRICH team describe the process of selecting solutions for publication on the site.
This article for primary teachers suggests ways in which to help children become better at working systematically.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
This article for teachers suggests activities based on pegboards, from pattern generation to finding all possible triangles, for example.
Arrange the digits 1, 1, 2, 2, 3 and 3 so that between the two 1's
there is one digit, between the two 2's there are two digits, and
between the two 3's there are three digits.
Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and
Bharat live in.
If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days
as possible, how many days can their fun last?
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?
Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the
numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.
A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.
We're excited about this new program for drawing beautiful mathematical designs. Can you work out how we made our first few pictures and, even better, share your most elegant solutions with us?
Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?
This task depends on groups working collaboratively, discussing and reasoning to agree a final product.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They
decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with
each of the others. What was the total number rides?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the
pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?
Use the information to describe these marbles. What colours must be
on marbles that sparkle when rolling but are dark inside?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the
month from the 1st to the 31st.
Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each
vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal
face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?
How many trains can you make which are the same length as Matt's, using rods that are identical?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
Can you find all the different ways of lining up these Cuisenaire
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?
You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and
the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you
measure and how?
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The
clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall
of the prison block. How did he do it?
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in
the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At
what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?
Can you fill in the empty boxes in the grid with the right shape
Ben and his mum are planting garlic. Use the interactivity to help
you find out how many cloves of garlic they might have had.
Find all the numbers that can be made by adding the dots on two dice.
In a bowl there are 4 Chocolates, 3 Jellies and 5 Mints. Find a way
to share the sweets between the three children so they each get the
kind they like. Is there more than one way to do it?
There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?
My briefcase has a three-number combination lock, but I have
forgotten the combination. I remember that there's a 3, a 5 and an
8. How many possible combinations are there to try?
Can you work out how to balance this equaliser? You can put more
than one weight on a hook.