This problem focuses on Dienes' Logiblocs. What is the same and what is different about these pairs of shapes? Can you describe the shapes in the picture?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

If you split the square into these two pieces, it is possible to fit the pieces together again to make a new shape. How many new shapes can you make?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

Use the interactivity to help get a feel for this problem and to find out all the possible ways the balls could land.

What happens when you try and fit the triomino pieces into these two grids?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

In this town, houses are built with one room for each person. There are some families of seven people living in the town. In how many different ways can they build their houses?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Start with three pairs of socks. Now mix them up so that no mismatched pair is the same as another mismatched pair. Is there more than one way to do it?

El Crico the cricket has to cross a square patio to get home. He can jump the length of one tile, two tiles and three tiles. Can you find a path that would get El Crico home in three jumps?

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

Chandra, Jane, Terry and Harry ordered their lunches from the sandwich shop. Use the information below to find out who ordered each sandwich.

Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

How many different ways can you find to join three equilateral triangles together? Can you convince us that you have found them all?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?