Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.

In this calculation, the box represents a missing digit. What could the digit be? What would the solution be in each case?

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

In Sam and Jill's garden there are two sorts of ladybirds with 7 spots or 4 spots. What numbers of total spots can you make?

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

How could you arrange at least two dice in a stack so that the total of the visible spots is 18?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?