This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99
How many ways can you do it?
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2
litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to
another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different
ways could you score 44?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears,
yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways
could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?
Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the
next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The
clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall
of the prison block. How did he do it?
Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square
below so that each side adds to the same total.
You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and
the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you
measure and how?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four
squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other
totals can you make?
In this calculation, the box represents a missing digit. What could the digit be? What would the solution be in each case?
Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?
Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.
Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the
sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square
of another, larger, number.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Use the numbers and symbols to make this number sentence correct. How many different ways can you find?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Can you find out in which order the children are standing in this
Use the information to describe these marbles. What colours must be
on marbles that sparkle when rolling but are dark inside?
Chandra, Jane, Terry and Harry ordered their lunches from the
sandwich shop. Use the information below to find out who ordered
These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so if you work in a systematic way, you won't leave any out.
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Moira is late for school. What is the shortest route she can take from the school gates to the entrance?
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
My cube has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?
Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins
to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?
These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book.
How many pages does the book have?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.
In this problem it is not the squares that jump, you do the jumping! The idea is to go round the track in as few jumps as possible.
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
In Sam and Jill's garden there are two sorts of ladybirds with 7 spots or 4 spots. What numbers of total spots can you make?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.