This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

In this calculation, the box represents a missing digit. What could the digit be? What would the solution be in each case?

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.

Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can you make?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

In this problem it is not the squares that jump, you do the jumping! The idea is to go round the track in as few jumps as possible.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Find all the numbers that can be made by adding the dots on two dice.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

If you hang two weights on one side of this balance, in how many different ways can you hang three weights on the other side for it to be balanced?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

In Sam and Jill's garden there are two sorts of ladybirds with 7 spots or 4 spots. What numbers of total spots can you make?

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.