This article for primary teachers suggests ways in which to help children become better at working systematically.
In this article, the NRICH team describe the process of selecting solutions for publication on the site.
This article for teachers suggests activities based on pegboards, from pattern generation to finding all possible triangles, for example.
A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.
When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.
Explore the different snakes that can be made using 5 cubes.
How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.
Take three differently coloured blocks - maybe red, yellow and blue. Make a tower using one of each colour. How many different towers can you make?
This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.
How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.
Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.
My coat has three buttons. How many ways can you find to do up all the buttons?
How many models can you find which obey these rules?
Here are four cubes joined together. How many other arrangements of four cubes can you find? Can you draw them on dotty paper?
Penta people, the Pentominoes, always build their houses from five square rooms. I wonder how many different Penta homes you can create?
Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?
These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.
Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?
If you had 36 cubes, what different cuboids could you make?
In this investigation, you must try to make houses using cubes. If the base must not spill over 4 squares and you have 7 cubes which stand for 7 rooms, what different designs can you come up with?
Use the interactivity to help get a feel for this problem and to find out all the possible ways the balls could land.
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.
The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?
Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?
Roll two red dice and a green dice. Add the two numbers on the red dice and take away the number on the green. What are all the different possibilities that could come up?
Can you find all the different ways of lining up these Cuisenaire rods?
How many trains can you make which are the same length as Matt's, using rods that are identical?
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?
Chandra, Jane, Terry and Harry ordered their lunches from the sandwich shop. Use the information below to find out who ordered each sandwich.
In this maze of hexagons, you start in the centre at 0. The next hexagon must be a multiple of 2 and the next a multiple of 5. What are the possible paths you could take?
Ben and his mum are planting garlic. Use the interactivity to help you find out how many cloves of garlic they might have had.
Alice's mum needs to go to each child's house just once and then back home again. How many different routes are there? Use the information to find out how long each road is on the route she took.
How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.
Can you work out how to balance this equaliser? You can put more than one weight on a hook.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.
Can you fill in the empty boxes in the grid with the right shape and colour?
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?
Here are some rods that are different colours. How could I make a dark green rod using yellow and white rods?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?