Explain why, when moving heavy objects on rollers, the object moves twice as fast as the rollers. Try a similar experiment yourself.

How efficiently can various flat shapes be fitted together?

The net of a cube is to be cut from a sheet of card 100 cm square. What is the maximum volume cube that can be made from a single piece of card?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Mike and Monisha meet at the race track, which is 400m round. Just to make a point, Mike runs anticlockwise whilst Monisha runs clockwise. Where will they meet on their way around and will they ever. . . .

Have you got the Mach knack? Discover the mathematics behind exceeding the sound barrier.

This article explores ths history of theories about the shape of our planet. It is the first in a series of articles looking at the significance of geometric shapes in the history of astronomy.

What 3D shapes occur in nature. How efficiently can you pack these shapes together?

The second in a series of articles on visualising and modelling shapes in the history of astronomy.

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

If all the faces of a tetrahedron have the same perimeter then show that they are all congruent.

Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.

Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.

For any right-angled triangle find the radii of the three escribed circles touching the sides of the triangle externally.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?

Find the point whose sum of distances from the vertices (corners) of a given triangle is a minimum.

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

See if you can anticipate successive 'generations' of the two animals shown here.

Your data is a set of positive numbers. What is the maximum value that the standard deviation can take?

In a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses, how many winning lines can you make?

Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Use the diagram to investigate the classical Pythagorean means.

A square of area 3 square units cannot be drawn on a 2D grid so that each of its vertices have integer coordinates, but can it be drawn on a 3D grid? Investigate squares that can be drawn.

Can you make sense of the charts and diagrams that are created and used by sports competitors, trainers and statisticians?

This is an interactive net of a Rubik's cube. Twists of the 3D cube become mixes of the squares on the 2D net. Have a play and see how many scrambles you can undo!

Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.

Can you make sense of the charts and diagrams that are created and used by sports competitors, trainers and statisticians?

Square It game for an adult and child. Can you come up with a way of always winning this game?

There are 27 small cubes in a 3 x 3 x 3 cube, 54 faces being visible at any one time. Is it possible to reorganise these cubes so that by dipping the large cube into a pot of paint three times you. . . .

This is a simple version of an ancient game played all over the world. It is also called Mancala. What tactics will increase your chances of winning?

An irregular tetrahedron has two opposite sides the same length a and the line joining their midpoints is perpendicular to these two edges and is of length b. What is the volume of the tetrahedron?

Place a red counter in the top left corner of a 4x4 array, which is covered by 14 other smaller counters, leaving a gap in the bottom right hand corner (HOME). What is the smallest number of moves. . . .

On the 3D grid a strange (and deadly) animal is lurking. Using the tracking system can you locate this creature as quickly as possible?

This task depends on groups working collaboratively, discussing and reasoning to agree a final product.

A game for 2 people. Take turns joining two dots, until your opponent is unable to move.

Use a single sheet of A4 paper and make a cylinder having the greatest possible volume. The cylinder must be closed off by a circle at each end.

Small circles nestle under touching parent circles when they sit on the axis at neighbouring points in a Farey sequence.

What can you see? What do you notice? What questions can you ask?

I found these clocks in the Arts Centre at the University of Warwick intriguing - do they really need four clocks and what times would be ambiguous with only two or three of them?

Discover a way to sum square numbers by building cuboids from small cubes. Can you picture how the sequence will grow?

Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.