Explain why, when moving heavy objects on rollers, the object moves twice as fast as the rollers. Try a similar experiment yourself.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

How efficiently can various flat shapes be fitted together?

The net of a cube is to be cut from a sheet of card 100 cm square. What is the maximum volume cube that can be made from a single piece of card?

The second in a series of articles on visualising and modelling shapes in the history of astronomy.

Mike and Monisha meet at the race track, which is 400m round. Just to make a point, Mike runs anticlockwise whilst Monisha runs clockwise. Where will they meet on their way around and will they ever. . . .

This article explores ths history of theories about the shape of our planet. It is the first in a series of articles looking at the significance of geometric shapes in the history of astronomy.

What 3D shapes occur in nature. How efficiently can you pack these shapes together?

Have you got the Mach knack? Discover the mathematics behind exceeding the sound barrier.

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?

A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

For any right-angled triangle find the radii of the three escribed circles touching the sides of the triangle externally.

Find the point whose sum of distances from the vertices (corners) of a given triangle is a minimum.

Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Can you visualise whether these nets fold up into 3D shapes? Watch the videos each time to see if you were correct.

See if you can anticipate successive 'generations' of the two animals shown here.

Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Can you make a tetrahedron whose faces all have the same perimeter?

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

Your data is a set of positive numbers. What is the maximum value that the standard deviation can take?

Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.

Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?

Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?

Use a single sheet of A4 paper and make a cylinder having the greatest possible volume. The cylinder must be closed off by a circle at each end.

Two intersecting circles have a common chord AB. The point C moves on the circumference of the circle C1. The straight lines CA and CB meet the circle C2 at E and F respectively. As the point C. . . .

Find the ratio of the outer shaded area to the inner area for a six pointed star and an eight pointed star.

A game for 2 people. Take turns joining two dots, until your opponent is unable to move.

A box of size a cm by b cm by c cm is to be wrapped with a square piece of wrapping paper. Without cutting the paper what is the smallest square this can be?

This article is based on some of the ideas that emerged during the production of a book which takes visualising as its focus. We began to identify problems which helped us to take a structured view. . . .

Mark a point P inside a closed curve. Is it always possible to find two points that lie on the curve, such that P is the mid point of the line joining these two points?

Place a red counter in the top left corner of a 4x4 array, which is covered by 14 other smaller counters, leaving a gap in the bottom right hand corner (HOME). What is the smallest number of moves. . . .

Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.

This is an interactive net of a Rubik's cube. Twists of the 3D cube become mixes of the squares on the 2D net. Have a play and see how many scrambles you can undo!

On the 3D grid a strange (and deadly) animal is lurking. Using the tracking system can you locate this creature as quickly as possible?

A square of area 3 square units cannot be drawn on a 2D grid so that each of its vertices have integer coordinates, but can it be drawn on a 3D grid? Investigate squares that can be drawn.

Square It game for an adult and child. Can you come up with a way of always winning this game?

We are given a regular icosahedron having three red vertices. Show that it has a vertex that has at least two red neighbours.

Two boats travel up and down a lake. Can you picture where they will cross if you know how fast each boat is travelling?

Discover a way to sum square numbers by building cuboids from small cubes. Can you picture how the sequence will grow?

Use the diagram to investigate the classical Pythagorean means.

The coke machine in college takes 50 pence pieces. It also takes a certain foreign coin of traditional design...

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?