This article is based on some of the ideas that emerged during the production of a book which takes visualising as its focus. We began to identify problems which helped us to take a structured view. . . .

This is the first article in a series which aim to provide some insight into the way spatial thinking develops in children, and draw on a range of reported research. The focus of this article is the. . . .

How can the same pieces of the tangram make this bowl before and after it was chipped? Use the interactivity to try and work out what is going on!

ABCD is a regular tetrahedron and the points P, Q, R and S are the midpoints of the edges AB, BD, CD and CA. Prove that PQRS is a square.

When dice land edge-up, we usually roll again. But what if we didn't...?

What is the shape of wrapping paper that you would need to completely wrap this model?

Can you find a way of representing these arrangements of balls?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this shape. How would you describe it?

Mathematics is the study of patterns. Studying pattern is an opportunity to observe, hypothesise, experiment, discover and create.

Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .

ABCDEFGH is a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. Point P is 1/3 along AB (that is AP : PB = 1 : 2), point Q is 1/3 along GH and point R is 1/3 along ED. What is the area of the triangle PQR?

A shape and space game for 2,3 or 4 players. Be the last person to be able to place a pentomino piece on the playing board. Play with card, or on the computer.

A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.

Investigate how the four L-shapes fit together to make an enlarged L-shape. You could explore this idea with other shapes too.

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

This task depends on groups working collaboratively, discussing and reasoning to agree a final product.

Four rods, two of length a and two of length b, are linked to form a kite. The linkage is moveable so that the angles change. What is the maximum area of the kite?

An extension of noughts and crosses in which the grid is enlarged and the length of the winning line can to altered to 3, 4 or 5.

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Show that among the interior angles of a convex polygon there cannot be more than three acute angles.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the lobster, yacht and cyclist?

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

Exchange the positions of the two sets of counters in the least possible number of moves

These are pictures of the sea defences at New Brighton. Can you work out what a basic shape might be in both images of the sea wall and work out a way they might fit together?

Imagine you are suspending a cube from one vertex (corner) and allowing it to hang freely. Now imagine you are lowering it into water until it is exactly half submerged. What shape does the surface. . . .

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

A rectangular field has two posts with a ring on top of each post. There are two quarrelsome goats and plenty of ropes which you can tie to their collars. How can you secure them so they can't. . . .

A standard die has the numbers 1, 2 and 3 are opposite 6, 5 and 4 respectively so that opposite faces add to 7? If you make standard dice by writing 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on blank cubes you will find. . . .

Start with a large square, join the midpoints of its sides, you'll see four right angled triangles. Remove these triangles, a second square is left. Repeat the operation. What happens?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the child walking home from school?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Fung at the table?

The whole set of tiles is used to make a square. This has a green and blue border. There are no green or blue tiles anywhere in the square except on this border. How many tiles are there in the set?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this telephone?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming playing the board game?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Which of these dice are right-handed and which are left-handed?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the telescope and microscope?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Wai Ping, Wah Ming and Chi Wing?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these rabbits?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this plaque design?

Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this junk?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the rocket?